Publications 2014

​Uncertainty quantification and inference of Manning’s friction coefficient using DART Buoys during Tohoku Tsunami
I. Sraj, K. Mandli, O. Knio, C. Dawson, and I. Hoteit
Ocean Modelling, 83, 82-97, 2014
I. Sraj, K. Mandli, O. Knio, C. Dawson, and I. Hoteit
Bayesian inference; Manning's n friction coefficient; Polynomial Chaos; Sensitivity analysis; Tsunami
Tsunami computational models are employed to explore multiple flooding scenarios and to predict water elevations. However, accurate estimation of water elevations requires accurate estimation of many model parameters including the Manning's n friction parameterization. Our objective is to develop an efficient approach for the uncertainty quantification and inference of the Manning's n coefficient which we characterize here by three different parameters set to be constant in the on-shore, near-shore and deep-water regions as defined using iso-baths. We use Polynomial Chaos (PC) to build an inexpensive surrogate for the G. eoC. law model and employ Bayesian inference to estimate and quantify uncertainties related to relevant parameters using the DART buoy data collected during the Tōhoku tsunami. The surrogate model significantly reduces the computational burden of the Markov Chain Monte-Carlo (MCMC) sampling of the Bayesian inference. The PC surrogate is also used to perform a sensitivity analysis.

DOI: 10.1016/j.ocemod.2014.09.001