Arabian Peninsula precipitation variability, extremes, trends, and ultra-fine predictability up to sub-seasonal scales

The project aims at establishing a new paradigm for understanding the dynamics and predictability of precipitation within the Arabian Peninsula, which will encompass both large-scale atmospheric circulation variability and explicit, high-resolution regional atmospheric modeling of organized convective systems.

Control of the Red Sea circulation and stratification by strait hydraulics and internal waves on multiple time scales

We are using extreme high resolution general circulation models, and observations at the BAM to shed light on the multi-scale processes of the water exchange through the BAM and their impact on the Red Sea general circulation on various time scales.

Detecting, tracking, and forecasting oil spills in the Red Sea

This project aims at building a framework for monitoring and predicting oil spills based on remote sensing and our in-house assimilative Red Sea ocean-atmospheric models.

A Managing Environment for Sustainability Hub (NEOM MESH)

As part of the Center of Excellence NEOM at KAUST, and in collaboration with Imperial College, Delft-Deltares, and the University of Athens, we are working on developing an intelligent virtual design and managing environment that will enable planners and policy makers to develop and manage their city, while being mindful of the health and well-being of its citizens and the environment, and to optimize the usage of its resources

Red Sea and Arabian Gulf Circulation, Dynamics, Climate and Productivity

Using state-of-the art ocean and atmospheric modelling, available in-situ and remote sensing observations and global reanalyses, we are working on modeling and studying all aspects of the Red Sea circulation, dynamics, climate, and their impact on the ecosystems productivity.

The Virtual Red Sea Initiative

The initiative is a collaborative work with Scripps Institution of Oceanography (SIO), Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), the National Center of Atmospheric Research (NCAR), and Plymouth Marine Laboratory (PML).

Implementing the First Operational Ocean-Atmosphere-Wave Forecasting System for the Red Sea and the Arabian Gulf

Based on the data-driven ocean and atmosphere models we have developed at KAUST, we are implementing the first Operational Ocean-Atmosphere-Wave Forecasting Systems for the Red Sea and the Arabian Gulf.

Developing Data Assimilation and Inversion Techniques for Large Scales Applications

The goal of this project is to explore new directions for developing advanced data assimilation techniques with focus on high dimensional and strongly nonlinear models. We are interested in both the deterministic variational and the stochastic Bayesian assimilation approaches.

Modeling, Analyzing, and Predicting the Circulation of the Red Sea

The goal of this project is to combine the dynamics of an eddy-resolving configuration of the MIT general circulation ocean model (MITgcm) with all available data in the Red Sea to determine the most accurate and complete estimates of the past and future circulation and variability of the Red Sea. We are using the outputs of these simulations to better understand the climate and the circulation of the Red Sea. ​​​

State/Parameter Estimation and Uncertainty Quantification for Advanced Predictive Models of Extreme Events in the Coastal Ocean

Prediction of coastal flooding due to hurricanes, tropical storms and tsunamis is a problem of international importance. We are working with Prof. Clint Dawson's group from the University of Texas at Austin on developing an advanced data assimilation system for predicting storm surge based on the ADCIRC model and ensemble Kalman filtering techniques.

Modeling the Ecosystem of the Red Sea

We are working with Dr. George Triantafyllou from HCMR to develop a 3D coupled physical-biogeochemical model at fine-scale and with multiple depth layers to simulate the ecosystem of the Red Sea. The model will efficiently simulate the pathways of dissolved inorganic nutrients, the fate of particulate organic matter, and the variability of the living functional groups (phyto/zooplankton, bacteria, etc).​​​

A Unified Bayesian Framework for Inverse and Data Assimilation Problems with Applications in Oceanography

The focus of this collaborative project between KAUST and the University of Texas A&M is to develop a unified Bayesian framework for inverse and data assimilation problems, with applications to estimation and optimization problems of ocean general circulation model in mind. ​

Data Assimilation for Management of Industrial Groundwater Contamination at a Regional Scale

We are working with Dr. Johan Valstar from Deltares (Netherlands) on developing an ensemble Kalman-based data assimilation system for management of groundwater contamination. We aim at assimilating any available data to a coupled subsurface flow and contaminant transport model. Another goal of the project is to define an efficient strategy for optimizing the design of an observational system.​​​​​​​

Monitoring and Managing Reservoir Flow Using Nonlinear Bayesian Data Assimilation

The goal of this project is to develop efficient and fully nonlinear Bayesian filters capable of assimilating all available reservoir data to monitor and manage the state of complex reservoirs. We are focusing on assimilation of seismic data, but our long-term goal is to utilize all available reservoir data, including wells ata, EM data, remote sensing data, etc

Optimization and Uncertainty Quantification of Ocean Boundary Layer Physics

​The objective of the project is to advance the ability of climate scientists and oceanographers to quantify uncertainties stemming from parameterizations of highly non-linear phenomena. In particular, we are working on developing an innovative strategy for quantifying uncertainties and improving the skill of the KPP (“K profile parameterization”) that is used to represent vertical mixing processes within surface boundary layer of the ocean (Large et al., 1994). ​​

Studying Red Sea Phytoplankton, Fisheries, and Climate Change Using Remote Sensing Data

Using 30 years of satellite remotely sensed Sea Surface Temperature (AVHRR) and ocean colour (CZCS & SeaWiFS) data, we are looking for evidence of intense warming and its potential impact on the Red Sea biology (phytoplankton and fisheries).​​​​


"KAUST shall be a beacon for peace, hope and reconciliation, and shall serve the people of the Kingdom and the world."

King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, 1924 – 2015

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